Whole blood DNA methylation changes are associated with anti-TNF drug concentration in patients with Crohn's disease

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Authors
Lin, S.
Hannon, E.
Reppell, M.
Waring, J. F.
Smaoui, N.
Pivorunas, V.
Guay, H.
Chanchlani, N.
Bewshea, C.
Bai, B. Y. H.
Journal
Journal of Crohn's and Colitis
Type
Journal Article
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Rights
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of European Crohn’s and Colitis Organisation.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anti-TNF treatment failure in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is common and frequently related to low drug concentrations. In order to identify patients who may benefit from dose optimisation at the outset of anti-TNF therapy, we sought to define epigenetic biomarkers in whole blood at baseline associated with anti-TNF drug concentrations at week 14. METHODS: DNA methylation from 1,104 whole blood samples from 385 patients in the Personalised Anti-TNF Therapy in Crohn's disease (PANTS) study were assessed using the Illumina EPIC Beadchip (v1.0) at baseline, weeks 14, 30 and 54. We compared DNA methylation profiles in anti-TNF-treated patients who experienced primary non-response at week 14 and if they were assessed at subsequent time points, were not in remission at week 30 or 54 (infliximab n = 99, adalimumab n = 94), with patients who responded at week 14 and when assessed at subsequent time points, were in remission at week 30 or 54 (infliximab n = 99, adalimumab n = 93). RESULTS: Overall, between baseline and week 14, we observed 4,999 differentially methylated probes (DMPs) annotated to 2376 genes following anti-TNF treatment. Pathway analysis identified 108 significant gene ontology terms enriched in biological processes related to immune system processes and responses.Epigenome-wide association (EWAS) analysis identified 323 DMPs annotated to 210 genes at baseline associated with higher anti-TNF drug concentrations at week 14. Of these, 125 DMPs demonstrated shared associations with other common traits (proportion of shared CpGs compared to DMPs) including body mass index (23.2%), followed by CRP (11.5%), smoking (7.4%), alcohol consumption per day (7.1%) and IBD type (6.8%). EWAS of primary non-response to anti-TNF identified 20 DMPs that were associated with both anti-TNF drug concentration and primary non-response to anti-TNF with a strong correlation of the coefficients (Spearman's rho = -0.94, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Baseline DNA methylation profiles may be used as a predictor for anti-TNF drug concentration at week 14 to identify patients who may benefit from dose optimisation at the outset of anti-TNF therapy.
Citation
Lin S, Hannon E, Reppell M, Waring JF, Smaoui N, Pivorunas V, et al. Whole blood DNA methylation changes are associated with anti-TNF drug concentration in patients with Crohn's disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2023.
Note
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