"I'm in a very good frame of mind": a qualitative exploration of the experience of standing frame use in people with progressive multiple sclerosis

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Authors
Jarrett, Louise
Journal
BMJ Open
Type
Journal Article
Publisher
HighWire
Rights
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
CC0 1.0 Universal
Objectives: The study aim was to explore the experiences of people with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and their standing assistants during their participation in Standing Up in Multiple Sclerosis, a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a home-based, self-managed standing frame programme. Design: A qualitative approach, using audio diary methodology was used to collect data contemporaneously. Diary data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. Setting: Participants were recruited from eight healthcare organisations in two regions of the UK. The intervention was home-based. Participants: As part of the RCT, 140 participants were randomly allocated to either usual care or usual care plus a standing frame programme. Using a sampling matrix 12 people with progressive MS (6 female, aged 35-71 years, Expanded Disability Status Scale 6.5-8.0) and 8 standing assistants (4 female) kept audio diaries of their experiences. Intervention: The standing frame programme involved two face-to-face home-based physiotherapy sessions to set up the standing frame programme, supplemented by educational material designed to optimise self-efficacy. Participants were encouraged to stand for at least 30 min, three times a week for the 36-week study period. Results: Four main themes were identified: "Feeling like the old me"; 'Noticing a difference'; "I want to do it right" and "You have a good day, you have a bad day". Conclusions: Supported standing helped people with progressive MS feel more like their old selves and provided a sense of normality and enjoyment. People noticed improvements in physical and psychological symptoms, which were often associated with increased participation in activities they valued. Provision of support from a physiotherapist and recognition of the variable nature of the condition were highlighted as factors to consider when establishing a standing programme.
Citation
Dennett R et al. "I'm in a very good frame of mind": a qualitative exploration of the experience of standing frame use in people with progressive multiple sclerosis. BMJ Open. 2020 Oct 28;10(10):e037680.
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