Total Talus Replacements

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Jennison, T.
Dalgleish, J.
Sharpe, I.
Davies, M.
Goldberg, A.
Foot and ankle orthopaedics
Journal Article Review
© The Author(s) 2023.
BACKGROUND: Total talus replacements are a surgical treatment for talar avascular necrosis (AVN) replacing the entire talus. The potential for total talus replacements has increased with the advent of patient-specific implants using 3D printing based on computed tomographic scanning of the ipsilateral or contralateral talus. The primary aim of this review is to summarize the literature on total talus replacements, providing a historical survey, indications, controversies, complications, survival, and functional outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review was performed. Articles with survival of total talus replacements were included. Basic percentages and a critical review of the literature was performed. RESULTS: Nine articles with 115 patients were included. The mean age ranged from 27.6 to 72 years, but with 5 studies having a mean age of <50 years. Mean follow-up ranged from 12.8 to 152 months. The most common indication was avascular necrosis in 67 patients (58%). Five studies used customized implants and 4 studies used 3D printing. Four studies used ceramic prostheses, 3 cobalt chromium, 1 stainless steel, and 1 titanium with ceramic surface. Three studies involved a talus replacement in conjunction with an ankle replacement. Postoperative complications ranged from 0% to 33%. Of 24 functional outcomes scores, 66.7% demonstrated significant improvement. CONCLUSION: Total talus replacements are a promising alternative to tibiotalocalcaneal fusion for patients with avascular necrosis of the talus; however, further studies are required to ensure reliable outcomes prior to widespread adoption of this technology. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, review of case series.
Foot Ankle Orthop. 2023 Jan 27;8(1):24730114221151068. doi: 10.1177/24730114221151068. eCollection 2023 Jan.
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