First do no harm: pain relief for the peripheral venous cannulation of adults, a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

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Authors
Bond, M.
Crathorne, L.
Peters, J. L.
Coelho, H.
Haasova, M.
Cooper, C.
Milner, Q.
Shawyer, Vicki
Hyde, C.
Powell, Roy
Journal
BMC Anesthesiology
Type
Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Systematic review
Publisher
BioMed Central
Rights
Archived with thanks to BMC Anesthesiology. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Peripheral venous cannulation is an everyday practice in hospitals, which many adults find painful. However, anaesthesia for cannulation is usually only offered to children. Inadequate pain relief is not only unpleasant for patients but may cause anxiety about further treatment and deter patients from seeking medical care in the future. The aim of this study is to discover the most effective local anaesthetic for adult peripheral venous cannulation and to find out how the pain of local anaesthetic application compares with that of unattenuated cannulation.
Citation
First do no harm: pain relief for the peripheral venous cannulation of adults, a systematic review and network meta-analysis. 2016, 16 (1):81 BMC Anesthesiol
Note
This article is freely available via Open Access. Click on the Additional Link above to access the full-text via the publisher's site.