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dc.contributor.authorJohn, Joseph B
dc.contributor.authorPascoe, John
dc.contributor.authorFowler, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorWalton, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Mark
dc.contributor.authorAning, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorChallacombe, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorBufacchi, Rory
dc.contributor.authorDickinson, Andrew J
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, John S
dc.description.abstractObjective:To produce comprehensive and detailed benchmarking data allowing surgeons and patients to compare practice against, by using all recorded radical prostatectomies across a 3-year period in England.Patients and methods:The British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) manages the radical prostatectomy (RP) Complex Operations Database. Surgical departments upload data which they can review and amend before lockdown and data cleansing. Analysis of 2016–2018 data held on the BAUS Complex Operations Database was performed for 21,973 patients undergoing RP in England, producing procedure-specific benchmarking data. General linear models were used to assess differences in patient selection between different operative modalities. Analysis involved assessment of case selection, operative decisions and outcomes, case volume and pathological outcomes.Results:Using national Hospital Episode Statistics, the BAUS RP dataset was estimated 91% complete. Median age was 65 and 96% were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Grades 1–2. Over 80% had RP performed in a high-volume centre (>100 annual RPs) and 88% had Gleason grade group (GGG) ⩾2 disease on biopsy. Robotic-assisted RP (RARP), laparoscopic RP (LRP) and open RP (ORP) were performed in 85%, 7.2% and 7.7% of cases, respectively. Patient and disease characteristics differed across surgical modalities. Transfusion rates were 0.14% in RARP, 0.38% in LRP and 1.8% in ORP. Increased positive surgical margin (PSM) rates were observed with increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA), GGG and T-stage, with comparable PSM rates across surgical modalities. Lymph node dissection was performed more commonly in high-risk cases (cT3, PSA > 20, GGG ⩾ 4). Pathological upstaging was common. Median length of stay was 1, 2 and 3 days for RARP, LRP and ORP, respectively. ORP had Clavien–Dindo complications ⩾3 and unplanned hospital readmissions.Conclusion:This analysis has enabled the first set of UK national RP standards to be produced allowing procedure, patient and disease-specific national, centre and individual comparisons. The present degree of service centralisation, operative modalities, and specific aspects of surgical practice can be observed.Level of evidence:2b
dc.rights© 2022, © SAGE Publications
dc.subjectProstate cancer,prostatectomy,outcomes,quality improvement,surgical technique,patient information
dc.titleA ‘real-world’ standard for radical prostatectomy: Analysis of the British Association of Urological Surgeons Complex Operations Reports, 2016–2018
dc.typeResearch Article
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Clinical Urology
dc.description.noteThe article is available via Open Access. Click on the 'Additional link' above to access the full-text.
dc.description.admin-notePublished version, accepted version

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