A Review of Aflibercept Treatment for Macular Disease
Sim, Sing Yue
Patel, Praveen J.
JournalOphthalmology and therapy
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Aflibercept is a fully human recombinant fusion protein that includes the second domain of human VEGF receptor 1 and the third domain of human VEGF receptor 2. Despite the important role played by VEGF in maintaining the physiological condition of the retina under normal conditions, dysregulation of VEGF can result in pathological alterations including hyperpermeability of the retinal capillaries and migration and proliferation of retinal endothelial cells. Over the years, a number of studies have evaluated the use of intravitreal aflibercept in different retinal diseases. In this review, we aim to summarize the scientific evidence and recommendations for use of intravitreal aflibercept in neovascular age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular oedema, macular oedema associated with retinal vein occlusion, and myopic choroidal neovascularization.