A Prospective Cohort Study Comparing Functional Outcomes of Primary and Revision Ankle Replacements.
JournalFoot and ankle international
RightsCopyright © 2021, © SAGE Publications
MetadataShow full item record
BACKGROUND: The number of ankle and revision ankle replacements performed is increasing. There is limited research into functional outcomes, especially in revision ankle replacements. The primary aim of this cohort study was to determine the functional improvements following primary and revision ankle replacements and compare which gave the greatest improvement in functional scores. METHODS: A single-center prospective cohort study was undertaken between 2015 and 2018. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 2 years. Patients undertook a preoperative and 2-year Manchester Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MoxFQ) score. The Mann Whitney test was undertaken. RESULTS: A total of 33 primary and 23 revision ankle replacements were performed between 2015 and 2018. The mean age was 69.3 years for primary replacements and 64.7 years for revision replacements. All primary replacements were the Infinity ankle replacement. Revision replacements were either the Inbone II or Invision. The indication for revision was 9 aseptic loosening, 6 infections, 5 cysts, and 3 malposition. Seventeen were performed as a single stage and 6 as a 2-stage revision. The overall MoxFQ improved by a mean of 48.8 for primaries and 20.2 for revisions (P = .024). The walking/standing domain improved by 57.5 for primaries and 22.5 for revisions (P = .016), the pain score improved by 43.0 and 32.3 (P = .009), and the social interaction improved by 40.0 and 11.7 (P = .128). CONCLUSION: Both primary and revision ankle replacements result in improved functional scores. In this relatively small cohort with the implants used, primary ankle replacements though have a significantly greater improvement in functional scores compared to revision ankle replacements. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective cohort study.