Patellotrochlea Index in Normal Healthy Knees
JournalThe Journal of Knee Surgery
PublisherThieme Medical Publishers
Rights© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.
MetadataShow full item record
Patella alta is a common and significant abnormality responsible for many patellofemoral joint-related conditions. Many methods of patella height measurements are described; however, patellotrochear index (PTI) is the most logical method as it measures the direct relation between patella and trochlea. The aim of this study is to investigate PTI in normal healthy asymptomatic volunteers to understand the patellofemoral relation in normal knees. Twenty-five healthy volunteers underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of both knees. Two observers independently measured PTI on two different occasions at 6-week interval. Statistical analysis was performed to identify intra- and interobserver correlation between two observers and the mean value of PTI. Agreement analysis was performed according to Bland and Altman. Comparisons of means were made using paired t-tests. The mean age of 25 healthy volunteers was 21.28 years (19-23) with a male:female ratio of 14:11. The overall mean PTI value of all observations was 36.8% and pooled standard deviation (SD) 11.5%. Intraclass correlation (ICC) testing showed "good" interobserver ICC between two observers for PTI for both first (0.80) and second (0.84) set of measurements. There was "excellent" intraobserver correlation for two sets of measurements of PTI made by each first (0.96) and second (0.91) observer. Intraobserver repeatability for PTI was ± 0.07 and ± 0.1, respectively, for the first and second observer. Interobserver repeatability for PTI was ± 0.159 and ± 0.133, respectively, for the first and second set of measurements. Analysis of individual measurements of patella and trochlear articular cartilage revealed that the largest repeatability values were for trochlea measurements. The study reports that the average PTI in asymptomatic healthy knee utilizing current clinical MRI scanning conditions is 36.8%. This provides surgeons with a gold standard normal PTI value, which can serve as a target value in clinical diagnosis as well as surgical correction of patella height. There is good to excellent intra- and interobserver correlation with limited variability in assessing patella height using PTI on MRI scan.