Additional benefit of combined therapy with melatonin and apoptotic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell against sepsis-induced kidney injury.
Wallace, Christopher G
JournalJournal of pineal research
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
RightsArchived with thanks to Journal of pineal research
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This study tested whether combined therapy with melatonin and apoptotic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (A-ADMSCs) offered additional benefit in ameliorating sepsis-induced acute kidney injury. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 65) were randomized equally into five groups: Sham controls (SC), sepsis induced by cecal-ligation and puncture (CLP), CLP-melatonin, CLP-A-ADMSC, and CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC. Circulating TNF-α level at post-CLP 6 hr was highest in CLP and lowest in SC groups, higher in CLP-melatonin than in CLP-A-ADMSC and CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC groups (all P < 0.001). Immune reactivity as reflected in the number of splenic helper-, cytoxic-, and regulatory-T cells at post-CLP 72 hr exhibited the same pattern as that of circulating TNF-α among all groups (P < 0.001). The histological scoring of kidney injury and the number of F4/80+ and CD14+ cells in kidney were highest in CLP and lowest in SC groups, higher in CLP-melatonin than in CLP-A-ADMSC and CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC groups, and higher in CLP-A-ADMSC than in CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC groups (all P < 0.001). Changes in protein expressions of inflammatory (RANTES, TNF-1α, NF-κB, MMP-9, MIP-1, IL-1β), apoptotic (cleaved caspase 3 and PARP, mitochondrial Bax), fibrotic (Smad3, TGF-β) markers, reactive-oxygen-species (NOX-1, NOX-2), and oxidative stress displayed a pattern identical to that of kidney injury score among the five groups (all P < 0.001). Expressions of antioxidants (GR+, GPx+, HO-1, NQO-1+) were lowest in SC group and highest in CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC group, lower in CLP than in CLP-melatonin and CLP-A-ADMSC groups, and lower in CLP-melatonin- than in CLP-A-ADMSC-tretaed animals (all P < 0.001). In conclusion, combined treatment with melatonin and A-ADMSC was superior to A-ADMSC alone in protecting the kidneys from sepsis-induced injury.