Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise.
Williams, Craig A.
JournalApplied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme
Controlled Clinical Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PublisherNRC Research Press
RightsArchived with thanks to Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme
MetadataShow full item record
Muscle metabolism is increased following exercise in healthy individuals, affecting exercise metabolism during subsequent physical work. We hypothesized that following heavy-intensity exercise (HIE), disease factors in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) would further exacerbate exercise metabolism and perceived exertion during subsequent exercise. Nineteen children with CF (age, 13.4 ± 3.1 years; 10 female) and 19 healthy controls (age, 13.8 ± 3.5 years; 10 female) performed 10 bouts of HIE interspersed with 1 min of recovery between each bout. Three minutes later participants completed a 10-min moderate-intensity exercise (MIE) test (test 1). The MIE test was subsequently repeated 1 h (test 2) and 24 h (test 3) later. Each MIE test was identical and participants exercised at individualized work rates, calibrated by an initial graded maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test, while metabolic and perceived exertion measurements were taken. Following HIE, mixed-model ANOVAs showed a significant difference in oxygen uptake (VO₂) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) between the 2 groups across the MIE tests (p < 0.01). In controls, VO₂ (L·min⁻¹) and RPE decreased significantly from test 1 to test 2 (p < 0.01) and test 2 to test 3 (p < 0.05). However, in children with CF, VO₂ (L·min⁻¹) increased significantly from test 1 to test 2 (p < 0.01), while RPE did not differ, both VO₂ and RPE decreased significantly from test 2 to test 3 (p < 0.01). In conclusion, following HIE the metabolic and perceptual responses to MIE in both groups decreased 24 h later during test 3. These data show that children with mild-to-moderate CF have the capability to perform HIE and 24 h allows sufficient time for recovery.