Tibial tubercle osteotomy for patello-femoral joint disorders.
Hall, M. J.
JournalKnee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
RightsArchived with thanks to Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
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Tibial tubercle osteotomy has a long history in the management of patella instability and patello-femoral arthritis. This review aims to provide a comprehensive review of the literature describing the biomechanics of the patello-femoral joint and the rationale behind the use of the tibial tubercle osteotomy in modern day practice. Several different tibial tubercle osteotomies are available and we aim to detail the concepts behind their use and the subsequent clinical results. With continued developments of chondrocyte implantation techniques, the potential to fill defects on the chondral surface of either the patella or trochlea in conjunction with a tibial tubercle osteotomy may well become more commonplace in a group that is commonly young and difficult to manage. Level of evidence III.