A role for panendoscopy? Second primary tumour in early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue
Iseli, T. A.
JournalThe Journal of laryngology and otology
MetadataShow full item record
BACKGROUND: Panendoscopy is routinely used for the identification of occult second primary tumours in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, its role in low risk subgroups, particularly non-smoking, non-drinking patients and patients presenting with early stage oral cavity lesions, is debatable. METHODS: The records of 112 patients with T(1) or T(2) oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic, disease characteristics and survival data were collected. RESULTS: Average follow-up duration was 71.7 months (range, 3.6-238.3 months). Thirty-five patients died within this period. Thirteen second primary events were identified in 11 patients, with all but 2 tumours in the oral cavity or oropharynx. There was a single synchronous primary - a lung adenocarcinoma; all other events were metachronous. No non-smoking, non-drinking patients re-presented with a second primary tumour; tobacco and alcohol use are clearly risk factors for development of a second primary tumour. CONCLUSION: The role of panendoscopy for identifying synchronous primary tumours in patients with early stage oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma should be re-evaluated, particularly in non-smoking, non-drinking patients who are at low risk of second primary development. Close follow up with regular clinical examination including flexible fibre-optic endoscopy may be sufficient in this subgroup.