2018 RD&E publications

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A summary list of all RD&E research outputs published or issued in 2018


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Now showing 1 - 5 of 350
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    Aromatherapy Massage for Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    (Gavin Publishers, 2018-03-27) Anne Clemo-Crosby, Jenny Day Claire Stidston Shannon McGinley Roy John Powell
    The aim of this large randomized controlled study was to test the value of Aromatherapy (AM) with breast cancer patients for reducing symptoms, such as pain, anxiety, depression, emotional responses, insomnia, nausea/vomiting and the ability to cope.
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    Prediction of Scoliosis Curve Correction Using Pedicle Screw Constructs in AIS: A Comparison of Fulcrum Bend Radiographs and Traction Radiographs Under General Anesthesia
    (Thieme, 2018-03-26) Tokala, D. P.; Nelson, I. W.; Mehta, J. S.; Powell, R.; Grannum, S.; Hutchinson, M. J.
    STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiographic review. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to (1) compare the ability of fulcrum bend radiographs and traction radiographs under general anesthesia to predict correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using pedicle screw only constructs and (2) compare the fulcrum bend correction index (FBCI) with a new measurement: the traction correction index (TCI). METHODS: This is a retrospective radiographic review of 80 AIS patients (62 female and 18 male), who underwent scoliosis correction with pedicle screw only constructs. The mean age at surgery was 14 years (range 9-20 years). Radiographic analysis was carried out on the preoperative and immediate postoperative posteroanterior standing radiographs and the preoperative fulcrum bend radiographs and traction radiographs under general anesthesia. FBCI is calculated by dividing the correction rate by the fulcrum flexibility and TCI is calculated by dividing the correction rate by the traction flexibility. RESULTS: Preoperative mean Cobb angle of 63.9° was corrected to 25.8° postoperatively. The mean fulcrum bending Cobb angle was 37.6° and traction Cobb angle was 26.6°. The mean fulcrum flexibility was 41.1%, traction flexibility 58.4%, and correction rate 59.6%. The median FBCI was 137% and TCI was 104.3%. CONCLUSIONS: When comparing fulcrum bend and traction radiographs, we found the traction radiographs to be more predictive of curve correction in AIS using pedicle screw constructs. TCI takes into account the curve flexibility better than FBCI.
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    Do patients live longer after THA and is the relative survival diagnosis-specific?
    (Wolters Kluwer, 2018-06) Timperley, Andrew J.
    Hip replacements are successful in restoring mobility, reducing pain, and improving quality of life. However, the association between THA and the potential for increased life expectancy (as expressed by mortality rate) is less clear, and any such association could well be influenced by diagnosis and patient-related, socioeconomic, and surgical factors, which have not been well studied.
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    Addition of docetaxel to first-line long-term hormone therapy in prostate cancer (STAMPEDE): modelling to estimate long-term survival, quality-adjusted survival and cost-effectiveness
    (Elsevier, 2018-12) Srinivasan, Rajaguru
    Results from large randomised controlled trials have shown that adding docetaxel to the standard of care (SOC) for men initiating hormone therapy for prostate cancer (PC) prolongs survival for those with metastatic disease and prolongs failure-free survival for those without. To date there has been no formal assessment of whether funding docetaxel in this setting represents an appropriate use of UK National Health Service (NHS) resources.