Quality Improvement

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Research outputs from the Quality Improvement Academy at the RD&E


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Now showing 1 - 5 of 12
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    Quality improvement in action
    (Mark Allen Group, 2021-10-01) Nash, Kate; Garratt, Anna
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    The Pathfields Tool: a frailty case-finding tool using primary care IT-implications for population health management
    (Silverchair Information Systems, 2020-10-23) Hope, Suzy
    Background: older people living with frailty benefit from targeted interventions which improve health and independence. However, it has been challenging within primary care to systematically identify patients living with frailty. Methods: primary care IT was re-programmed to create a 'Pathfields High Risk Cohort' (PHRC, patients felt likely to have undiagnosed frailty) and invite clinicians to opportunistically assess and diagnose frailty. Results were compared with NHS England's current approach to frailty identification using Electronic Frailty Index (eFI) to see which approach had the highest diagnostic yield. Results: the Pathfields Tool identified 1,348 patients in PHRC group, of whom 951 (70.5%) were clinically assessed and diagnosed:eFI (moderate and severe) identified 683 patients of whom 598 (87.6%) were clinically assessed and diagnosed:Extrapolated data would estimate frailty prevalence at 22.5% (1,024/4,552) (5.5% severe, 8.8% moderate, and 8.1% mild) in the practice population aged 65+. Conclusions: the Pathfields Tool identified more patients with clinically confirmed previously undiagnosed frailty than eFI 'moderate and severe frailty' alone.Sub-segmenting frailty by residential status could significantly improve the population health management of older people.
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    Quality improvement project identifies factors associated with delay in IBD diagnosis
    (Wiley, 2020-08) Walker, Gareth; Lin, Simeng; Chanchlani, Neil; Thomas, Amanda; Hendy, Peter; Heerasing, Neel; Moore, Lucy; Chee, Desmond; Bewshea, Claire; Mays, Joseph; Kennedy, Nicholas A.; Ahmad, Tariq; Goodhand, James R.
    Background: Delay in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is common and contemporary UK studies are lacking. Aim: To determine factors associated with, and the consequences of, a prolonged time to diagnosis in IBD. Methods: This quality improvement study included 304 adults with a new IBD diagnosis made between January 2014 and December 2017 across 49 general practices (GP) and gastroenterology secondary care services. Outcome measures were demographic, clinical and laboratory factors associated with a delayed time, defined as greater than upper quartile, to: (a) patient presentation (b) GP referral (c) secondary care diagnosis, and factors associated with a complicated disease course (hospitalisation and/or surgery and/or biologic treatment) in the year after diagnosis. Results: The median [IQR] diagnosis sub-intervals were: (a) patient = 2.1 months [0.9-5.1]; (b) GP = 0.3 months [0.0-0.9]; (c) secondary care = 1.1 months [0.5-2.1]. 50% of patients were diagnosed within 4 months and 92% were diagnosed within 2 years of symptom onset. Diagnostic delay was more common in Crohn's disease (7.6 months [3.1-15.0]) than ulcerative colitis (3.3 months [1.9-7.3]) (P < 0.001). Patients who presented as an emergency (P < 0.001) but not those with a delayed overall time to diagnosis (P = 0.35) were more likely to have a complicated disease course. Conclusion: Time to patient presentation is the largest component of time to IBD diagnosis. Emergency presentation is common and, unlike a delayed time to diagnosis, is associated with a complicated disease course.